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Stock Made Simple

All companies need money to start or grow their business. One way a company can raise money is to divide itself into pieces and sell the pieces to investors through initial publicoffer or IPO. Each little piece is called a Share or stock


After IPO shares of the company list on stock exchange.Anyone desiring to purchase shares of company must buy them from someone who wants to sell them.This exchange is mediated by brokerage, which charges a fee for facillitating trades trades.


Each share of stock is entitled to his part of company's profit

Dividend: a distribution of a portion of a company's earning to its shareholders

Dividend: a distribution of a portion of a company's earning to its shareholders


The Value of stock is essentially determined by the principles of supply and demand .If more people want to buy stock in company "X" . the value will go up.Conversely. If a few people desire to own stock in company.


Demat Although India had a vibrant capital market which is more than a century old, the paper-based settlement of trades caused substantial problems like bad delivery and delayed transfer of title till recently. The enactment of Depositories Act in August 1996 paved the way for establishment of NSDL & CSDLThis depository promoted by institutions of national stature responsible for economic development of the country has since established a national infrastructure of international standards that handles most of the securities held and settled in dematerialised form in the Indian capital market.

Function In the depository system, securities are held in depository accounts, which is more or less similar to holding funds in bank accounts. Transfer of ownership of securities is done through simple account transfers. This method does away with all the risks and hassles normally associated with paperwork. Consequently, the cost of transacting in a depository environment is considerably lower as compared to transacting in certificates.

Settlemen t System After sale and sale and purchase of share there is need to be settled the transaction. Brokers are to make payment or give delivery as per T+3 rolling settlement system.In case of T+3 rolling ettlements , the trades taking place on each trading day are required to be settled on the third day following the date of trade. All debit and credits of securities are made through DP

EARLY 1300s early version of stock tracing began in France Where traders would trade commodities and govt. securities
1602 The origins of the modern stock market began in Holland at the Amsterdam Stock Exchange where the Dutch East India Company sold the first shares of stock ever
1698 The London Stock Exchange was founded by John Castaing . It is still operation today
1792 The New Stock Exchange (NYSE) .The first in US was founded on Wall Street by a group of stock brokers who wanted to organize what was a chaotic system at the time.
1849 The American Stock Exchange (AMEX) WAS established during the California gold rush and eventually included companies that didn't meet the strict guidelines to be listed on NYSE.
1875 The Bombay Stock Exchange established .It traces its origins to the 1850s when four Gujarati and one Parsi stock broker transacted under banyan trees in front of Mumbai's Town Hall
1896 The Dow Jones Industrial Average was first listed on Wall Street Journal, representing 12 stocks and valued at 40 points
1908 The Calcutta Stock Exchange was established when brokers who trade under a neem tree felt the need to organise themselve.
1971 NASDAQ was established . It was the first exchange to trade stocks electronically
1992 The Natinal Stock Exchange established by leading financial Institutions at the behest of the Union government.
2012 Today stock markets exists in all developed market and some developing market

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